TibotSkin ProblemBenign TumorsNeural Tumors

Neural Tumors

Peripheral nerve tumors are growths in or near the strands of tissue (nerves) that transmit signals from brain to the rest of the body. These nerves control muscles so that walk, blink, swallow, pick things up and do other activities.

Peripheral nerve tumors can occur anywhere in the body. Though their cause is usually unknown, some are hereditary. Most of them aren’t cancerous (malignant), but they can lead to pain, nerve damage and loss of function in the affected area.

Neural tumors affect nerves by growing within them (intraneural tumors) or by pressing against them (extraneural tumors). Most are benign. Different types of benign neural tumors include: Dumbbell tumor, Schwannoma.

The symptoms and signs of a neural tumor develop from direct effects on the main nerve or from the tumor pressing on nearby nerves, blood vessels or tissues. As the tumor grows, it may be more likely to cause signs and symptoms, although tumor size doesn’t always determine effects.

Signs and symptoms of neural tumors vary depending on the location of the tumors and which tissues are affected. They include:

  • Swelling or a lump under skin,
  • Pain, tingling or numbness,
  • Weakness or loss of function in the affected area,
  • Dizziness or loss of balance.

It’s not clear why most neural tumors develop. Some are linked to known inherited syndromes, such as neurofibromatosis (types 1 and 2) and schwannomatosis. Others may be caused by a malfunctioning gene or triggered by injury or surgery.

Neural tumors are more common in people who have:

  • Neurofibromatosis (types 1 and 2) and schwannomatosis. In these disorders, tumors develop on or near the nerves throughout the body. These tumors, which are frequently multiple, can lead to a variety of symptoms and signs depending on their location. These tumors are usually noncancerous.
  • A history of radiation treatment. If exposed to radiation, then increased risk of neural tumors years later.

Sometimes it’s very painful. So, painkiller may use. But must avoid to use this for a long time.

Surgery

Treatment may include surgery to remove a neural tumor. The goal of surgery is to remove the entire tumor without damaging nearby healthy tissue and nerves. When that isn’t possible, surgeons remove as much of the tumor as they can.

Techniques and instruments allow neurosurgeons to reach tumors that were once considered inaccessible. The high-powered microscopes used in microsurgery make it easier to distinguish a tumor from healthy tissue. Doctors also can monitor the function of nerves during surgery, which helps preserve healthy tissue.

Depending on the location and size of neural nerve tumor, surgery can cause nerve damage and disability. These risks are often based on the size and location of the tumor and the surgical approach used. Some tumors grow back.

Stereotactic radiosurgery

Doctor may recommend stereotactic radiosurgery to treat neural nerve tumors in or around the brain. In stereotactic radiosurgery, such as Gamma Knife radiosurgery, doctors deliver radiation precisely to a tumor without making an incision.

Risks of radiosurgery include weakness or numbness in the treated area and treatment failure (continued tumor growth). Very rarely, the radiation could cause a cancer in the treated area in the future.

Cancer treatment

Malignant tumors are treated with standard cancer therapies, such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Early diagnosis and treatment are the most important factors resulting in good outcome. Tumors may recur after treatment.

Rehabilitation

After surgery, may need physical rehabilitation. Doctor may use a brace or a splint to keep arm or leg in a position that helps to heal. Physical therapists and occupational therapists can help recover function and mobility lost due to nerve damage or limb amputation.

See a doctor when any of the symptoms listed, especially if have a lump that grows rapidly. Sometime neural tumors turn to malignant tumor. That’s why it’s important to see a doctor when any unusual lump, pain, tingling or numbness observed.

  • Roxburgh’s common skin diseases
  • Andrew’s Diseases of the skin
TibotSkin ProblemBenign TumorsNeural Tumors

Neural Tumors

TUI - Tibot Urgency Index

Peripheral nerve tumors are growths in or near the strands of tissue (nerves) that transmit signals from brain to the rest of the body. These nerves control muscles so that walk, blink, swallow, pick things up and do other activities.

Peripheral nerve tumors can occur anywhere in the body. Though their cause is usually unknown, some are hereditary. Most of them aren’t cancerous (malignant), but they can lead to pain, nerve damage and loss of function in the affected area.

Neural tumors affect nerves by growing within them (intraneural tumors) or by pressing against them (extraneural tumors). Most are benign. Different types of benign neural tumors include: Dumbbell tumor, Schwannoma.

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Dr. Lora Smith

MBBS (Dhaka), DGO (DU) Ex SR. Gynaecologist & Obstetrician

09 606 111 222

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