Benign skin lesions and its treatment | Tibot


Treatments for the Benign Tumors


The benign tumors or Cysts are painful skin problems. The benign tumors are the non-cancerous tumors that make closed pouches of tissues. These pouches remain filled with the pus or fluid. It can be felt like a smooth and small pea under the skin and this fluid feels like rolling for applying pressure on it. But a small pore can be seen if we look very close. These types of tumors are most common for older people.

The most common benign tumors are:

The reason behind the benign tumors is unknown. A few reports showed that it can develop depending on the heredity.

Treatments type:

Sometimes, the benign tumors do not require any treatments. It can heal naturally. When the situation becomes moderate to severe then different types of treatment may be needed. These treatments can be like:

  1. Curettage and the electrodesiccation:

In this procedure, a surgical instrument which is known as the curette is used to scrape away the tissues causing the tumor. After the surgery, an electrosurgical set is used to stop the bleeding.

  1. Surgical excision

This is the normal surgery in which skin is cut open to remove the tumor growth and then the wound is closed by stitching.

  1. The cryosurgery

In this process, liquid nitrogen is directly sprayed on the skin at first. Then tissues are freeze with an instrument.

  1. Laser therapy

Sometimes, laser therapy is used to remove the tumor tissues using UV light.

Treatments of different kinds of benign tumors

  • Seborrheic keratosis

This tumor is the most common type of tumor. This tumor generally, occurs onto the surface of the skin like a scaly, brown and greasy plaques. The size and the thickness can vary. This type of tumor occurs in adults mostly. This can often implicate as a cutaneous marker of the internal malignancy (cancerous tumors). The diagnosis process involves the upper parts’ endoscopy and the cancer screening base on the age.


When the clinical diagnosis process is not enough to point out the certain condition, the biopsy will be needed.

When the plaques turn to pruritic, inflamed and irritated, therapy may be needed. But generally, patients do not require it. The co-therapy and the curettage will be adequate.

  • Dermatosis papulose nigra

This type of tumors is hyper-pigmented and hyperkeratotic plaques. It is similar to the Seborrheic keratosis. This tumor is common for black people especially, women.


There are several options to treat this type of tumor-like scissor excision, co-therapy, and curettage. These procedures can develop hypo-pigmentation and hyper-pigmentation. These procedures are enough for the most cases but if itchy and irritate growth starts to form, then therapy may be needed.

  • Sebaceous hyperplasia

This is the large form of benign tumors. It grows in the sebaceous gland around a follicle with the flesh colored or yellow colored papules. This is a common type of tumor in men and those who have undergone o the organ transplanting operation.


Cosmetic treatments like cryotherapy, curettage and laser therapy are enough to treat this tumor.

  • Nevus

The nevi are one of the most common benign growth which looks like skin colored macules or papules. These nevi can be categorized into 3 subtype- junctional, intradermal and compound. Sometimes, atypical nevi can occur and this type of nevi need to undergo to the biopsy to diagnose.


At the severe case, this can turn to melanoma. So, regular treatment and checking the condition is a must. Depending on the condition, therapy has to be taken.

  • Dermatofibroma

This tumor is like dusky red-colored or brown-colored plaques or papules. It can follow trauma. These tumors are usually, asymptomatic, but it can turn to the pruritic and irritated formation.


At the severe stage, therapy involving intra-lesion corticosteroids or simple excision may be needed.

  • Lipoma

This is the mobile tumor made of fats. The size is ranged from a few millimeters to 10 centimeters. This type of tumors is generally, asymptomatic and solitary.  But it can turn to the painful lesion. At the infant body, it can make spinal abnormality.


In some stages, liposuction or the excision may be required.

  • Ephilides

These are small and hyperpigmented macules which appear on the sun-exposed skin. Fair complexioned people experience this type of tumor more.


This is the harmless tumor and so, no treatment is required. But, some bleaching products or, in some cases, cryotherapy may help to lighten the effect of ephilides.

Other benign tumors

Besides these benign tumors, there are lentigines, cherry angioma, acrochordon, epidermal inclusion cyst, milium, and pyogenic granuloma benign tumors. These tumors can be treated with simple cryotherapy, laser therapy, chemical peels, and bleaching. In some cases, excision and incision may be used to treat.

Though benign tumors are harmless formation, it can turn to malignancy which is a cancerous tumor. However, many malignant tumors can appear and look like benign tumors. So, tumors should be diagnosed as soon as possible and checked if any malignancy is present. Moreover, benign tumors can indicate the hormonal disorders too. If there are no symptoms, there is no need for any treatment.


0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments